(Excerpt from the
Renaissance Program Strategic Plan 2000© – Appendix B – Background / White Paper
on Renaissance – by John B. Gongwer, President/Chairman). ©Copyright 2000. Not
to be reproduced or distributed in part or whole without express permission of
Political Economy of Lupeni/Jiu Valley (up until 2000)
Jiu Valley is Romania’s principal coal mining region. Two other areas in Romania
have some surface mining, while the Jiu Valley contains deep shaft underground
mines. While providing only 12% of the Romania’s supply of coal (2000 est.), the Jiu Valley
is the only region in Romania both completely urbanized and reliant on a single
mining has been long been the heart and economic lifeline for the Jiu Valley.
The development of coal mining started in the Jiu Valley about 150 years ago
around the middle of the 19th century when Polish, Czech and German workers were
brought from all parts of the Habsburg Empire to work in the coalmines. The
mines were privately owned until the end of the Second World War when...
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